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Behavior Based Safety (BBS)

BBS 2.0 (Behavior Based Safety 2.0): The Evolution of BBS (Behavior Based Safety)


Behavior Based Safety (BBS) has been widely implemented to improve safety culture and prevent Serious Injuries and Fatalities (SIFs). Results have shown transformational leaps in performance when well implemented and operationalized.


Using behavioral checklists to guide immediate coaching conversations that recognize safe choices and redirect risky behaviors, the best Behavior Based Safety (BBS) programs rapidly reduce the occurrences of unsafe behaviors, increase safety ownership and guides improvement efforts.


Unfortunately, traditional Behavior Based Safety (BBS) programs often lead to plateaus in performance once early improvements have been made or don’t drive the highest potential outcomes, particularly in reducing Serious Injuries and Fatalities (SIFs). This occurs because most Behavior Based Safety (BBS) programs fail to:

  1. address system and environmental factors that significantly contribute to unsafe choices;
  2. shift worker safety ownership and mindsets which is essential to ensure behavioral shifts are sustained when no one is watching;
  3. focus on the coaching conversations needed to gain commitment and sustained behavioral change;
  4. zero in on a critical risk-based approach to safety, allowing the focus to be on low risks that are easier to observe and coach;
  5. operationalize the right performance indicators resulting in observations becoming a ‘pencil whipping exercise’ without the needed closed loop organizational learning;
  6. customize observations and implementations to address organizational buy-in needed to sustain improvements over the long term;
  7. complete the integration into organization systems with strategies for continuous improvements & health checks;
  8. adequately involve front-line workers in improvements and peer observations
  9. shift leadership mindsets that incorrectly target employee behavior as a root cause instead of taking a broader systems approach.

If your observation program has stopped yielding the right levels of performance improvement, isn’t driving engagement and results or fails to address SIF potential, don’t abandon it. Rethink and retool your program with BBS 2.0 (Behavior Based Safety 2.0).

If you haven’t yet embedded a solid observation program, turn to the innovative leaders in evidence-based Behavior Based Safety.

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Our BBS 2.0 (Behavior Based Safety 2.0) is the evolution of BBS (Behavior Based Safety). Combining years of research in Behavioral Safety with the power of Safety Ownership and Human Performance, we help you take your performance to the next level.

Whether you are looking to setup an observation program or to reenergize your existing program, contact Propulo if you want reliable and sustainable results.

BBS 2.0 (Behavior Based Safety 2.0) addresses the 9 core gaps of traditional safety observation programs, driving improved and sustained performance:

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Internal self-motivation is 3X stronger than external motivation. Employees who are motivated to work safely are significantly more likely to participate in safety improvement efforts and statistically less likely to get injured. BBS 2.0 is focused on conversations that deepen Safety Ownership and recognizes safe choices.

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As humans, despite our best intentions, we make errors. By removing blame, learning from potential events and grasping how to mitigate the drivers of Human Error, we reduce SIFs. BBS 2.0 embeds the leading principles from Human Performance to drive very different observations and conversations.

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Behavioral change doesn't occur through observations but rather conversations. BBS 2.0 ensures your supervisors are equipped to Redirect unsafe work, deepen commitment to drive sustained change and encourage safety improvements. To sustain improvements, we recommend embedding regular paired observations.

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Too often the focus of observations is on lower risks with few observations on high hazards that could lead to SIFs. BBS 2.0 focuses on critical observable actions and ensuring more frequent observations of those risks while deepening conversations on high hazards with workers.

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As sustained behavioral change only occurs from meaningful conversations and not observations, BBS 2.0 shifts away from traditional performance indicators that encourage 'pencil whipping observations' in favor of leading indicators that measure opportunities for improvements, quality indicators as well as worker perception.

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``Out of the Box`` approaches give the false illusion of a higher Return on Investment (ROI). BBS 2.0 provides a high ROI by creating fit for purpose observations and taking a deeper and more holistic view on organizational embedding with Propulo's depth in Organizational Change. Lasting performance improvements make the difference.

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BBS 2.0 takes a holistic view to implementing observations, fully integrating observations into organizational systems, building in practices for continuous improvements and ongoing health checks to drive sustained performance.

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BBS 2.0 involves workers in the design of observations, increases worker safety participation in all levels of the organization and encourages Peer-to-Peer observations to maximize sustained impact. Employees who are actively involved in designing the BBS process are 7X more likely to use it.

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Too often observations incorrectly target employee behaviors as a root cause, ignoring the science of Human Performance. This yields to low employee participation and missed learnings. BBS 2.0 trains leaders on the drivers of Human Error and focuses on removing blame.

BBS 2.0 (Behavior Based Safety 2.0) builds a future-proof safety observation program that avoids BBS (Behavior Based Safety) performance plateaus by integrating the power of Safety Ownership and Human Performance to reduce the likelihood of SIFs, increase discretionary effort for safety and drive longer term results.


If you are embarking on a journey to implement Human and Organizational Performance (HOP), then consider BeHOP.

BeHOP is the integration of BBS (Behavior Based Safety) and HOP (Human and Organizational Performance) that more holistically focuses on mindsets, behaviors, and systems to advance your safety culture and prevent SIFs.

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Take our Behavior Based Safety (BBS) Mini-Assessment. Additional online Self-Assessments are also available.

Take our BBS Mini-Assessment


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